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Bratislava in the Middle Ages

At the end of the 10th century the Kingdom of Hungary was formed, and under the rule of Stephen I (1001-1038) the territory of present-day Bratislava was annexed to it. Bratislava became a key economic and administrative centre on the kingdom’s frontier. This had its downside in the shape of frequent onslaughts by enemy forces. .


As early as 1042 Bratislava was razed by German King Henry I.  It suffered from more unrest between 1074 and 1077 in connection with a battle for the Hungarian throne. In the 13th century Bratislava was afforded royal privileges. An important period the city's history came in the late 14th and early 15th centuries under the reign of Sigismund of Luxembourg. He reaffirmed the older grants and privileges made to the city by the Arpad and Anjou dynasties and, by granting Bratislava new privileges, raised it to become a leading political and economic centre within the Kingdom of Hungary. By his decree of 1405 Bratislava was included among the kingdom's most distinguished cities, which thereafter were referred to as free royal cities. In 1436 King Sigismund issued a deed granting Bratislava its own coat of arms with the right to use its present symbol of a tower argent and portcullis in city walls. Bratislava is the only city in Europe to have had such a deed drawn up in two copies – both created by the painter Michal, based in Vienna.


Responsible: Nina Turčanová
Created / changed: 24.7.2006 / 11.7.2008


Placing: Document folders > History

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